STEM Lessons for College Students

13.79 … Interplanetary Navigation. The most efficient way to send a spacecraft from the earth to another planet is to use a Hohmann transfer orbit (Fig. P13.79). If the orbits of the departure and destination planets are circular the Hohmann transfer orbit is an elliptical orbit whose perihelion and aphelion are tangent to the orbits of the two planets. The rockets are fired briefly at the departure planet to put the spacecraft into the transfer orbit; the spacecraft then coasts until it reaches the destination planet. The rockets are then fired again to put the spacecraft into the same orbit about the sun as the destination planet. (a) For a flight from earth to Mars in what direction must the rockets be fired at the earth and at Mars: in the direction of motion or opposite the direction of motion? What about for a flight from Mars to the earth? (b) How long does a one-way trip from the earth to Mars take between the firings of the rockets? (c) To reach Mars from the earth the launch must be timed so that Mars will be at the right spot when the spacecraft reaches Mars’s orbit around the sun. At launch what must the angle between a sun–Mars line and a sun–earth line be? Use Appendix F.

University Physics with Modern Physics lessons by JJtheTutor. Designed to teach students problem solving skills.

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Question source: “University Physics with Modern Physics by Hugh Young and Roger Freedman

University Physics with Modern Physics lessons by JJtheTutor. Designed to teach students problem solving skills, test taking skills and how to understand the concepts.

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